Oldest Caspian Horse remains discovered in Iran

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — The Caspian Horse, also known as the “King’s Horse” or the Mazandaran horse, is the oldest breed of horse still in existence. The newest discovery of remains makes it even older than originally believed. Caspian horses are much smaller than the typical race horse and are an average 11 hands. They had been believed to be extinct until 1965 when Louise Firouz, an American wife of an Iranian aristocrat, found a wild herd in the Iranian mountains just south of the Caspian Sea. Citation: Oldest Caspian Horse remains discovered in Iran (2011, May 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-oldest-caspian-horse-iran.html The Caspian Horse. Image: Kerri-Jo Stewart from Vancouver, Canada / via Wikipedia Mystery about domestication of horse has been unravelled — now location and time are proofed More information: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caspian_horse © 2010 PhysOrg.com In a report from the Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies, archaeologist Ali Mahforuzi discusses the findings at the Gohar Tappeh site located in the Mazandaran province of Iran between the cities of Neka and Behshahr.In their eighth year at this site, they have discovered the remains of the Caspian in a cemetery which dates back to the late Bronze to early Iron Age or around 3400 BCE. The Caspian Horse was a status symbol in ancient Iran and routinely presented to kings and queens. They were used as a horse for chariot racing as well as in battle. It does not come as a surprise to the archaeologists that the Caspian was found within a cemetery. This was common in ancient burials and shows the importance and value that was put on these horses.Mahforuzi and his team have discovered numerous architectural structures, as well as graves with various different burial methods, suggesting a continual life in this region for many generations. The oldest finding at the site currently dates back to the Neolithic age some 14,000 years ago. Explore furtherlast_img read more

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Through the eras

first_imgDelhi Art gallery presents a solo show of artist Amitava Das, the exhibition comprises of four decades of his artwork. Over 150 works and two important sketchbooks form a part of the exhibition.Each painting depicts his journey as an artist like his content and style which reflect an angst and nihilism in the ’70s before moving on to a more secure and generous space in the ’80s, to recent decades where loneliness and despair recur as a reflection of society. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’To fully understand Das’ art, his work has been broken up into six different segments, like landscapes, figures, body segments, heads, animals, and abstracts. The use of colours and variety of fine brush strokes explains the state of mind of the artist.His choice of mediums, whether drawings, watercolours, paintings or collages traces the eras of art in country. Eliminating the superfluous from his work, Das has constantly endeavoured to communicate his ideas in a minimal context, rendering his works with a simplicity that has often confounded his critics.last_img read more

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17yrold stabbed to death in S Delhi

first_imgIn a shocking incident, a 17-year-old was stabbed to death by his neighbour after a heated argument in Sultanpur area in south Delhi on Saturday evening. The accused has been arrested and was reportedly under the influence of alcohol.The deceased has been identified as Akshay who was living with his family at Street number-3 in Sultanpur area. He was pursuing diploma in Modern Office Practices from Bhai Parmanand Institute in Shakarpur.Suraj (21), the accused also lives in Sultanpur colony and has criminal background. In the recent past, he was booked under the charges of theft.  Also Read – Company director arrested for swindling Rs 345 croreAt around 6.30 pm, Akshay and his three friends were on a pillion and going towards Sultanpur market, Suraj came in front of the bike in an inebriated state.  When he was asked to move away, he started creating a ruckus. The whole matter soon snowballed into a scuffle.According to eye-witnesses, Suraj pulled out a sharp weapon and attacked Akshay. “Suraj revealed during interrogation that he had some personal enmity with Akshay too,” a police official said. Immediately, Akshay’s friend made a phone call to his family and admitted him to a local hospital from where he was referred to Safdarjung hospital. He succumbed to his injuries during treatment.A case under the Section of murder of the Indian Penal Code has been registered at Fatehpurberi police station.last_img read more

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Hill Anganwadi workers seek hike in pay retirement benefits

first_imgDarjeeling: The Anganwadi workers and helpers of Darjeeling Hills have demanded an increment in their monthly remuneration. Along with this, they have demanded retirement benefits as well. The Shishu Bikash Anganwadi Karmi Sahakarmi Sangathan, an association of Anganwadi workers and helpers, recently sat in a meeting with the secretary and officials of the Social Welfare department, government of West Bengal.”Increment of our remuneration has been our long-standing demand, especially in the Hills where the terrain is tough. The meeting held in Kolkata ended on a positive note, with the department agreeing to many of our demands, including increment and retirement benefits,” stated Mani Kumar Rai, president of the association. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsAt present, Anganwadi workers are paid a Rs 4,800 monthly stipend, while helpers receive Rs 3,300 in West Bengal.”In many states, workers receive Rs 10,000 and helpers Rs 5,000. They also receive Rs 1 lakh on retirement and in case of death during service period, the next of kin receive Rs 2 lakh. All these benefits are not given to us in West Bengal,” added Rai.However, the association is banking their hopes on the assurances given by the officials at the Kolkata meeting. “Along with the increment, they have assured us that during retirement, an amount equivalent to 2 years of salary will be given. Those who have served as workers for more than 10 years will be upgraded to supervisors. Question papers in Nepali will also be made available for departmental exams,” stated Asha Hingmang, treasurer of the association.last_img read more

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Treasuries paying beneficiaries faster now thanks to IFMS

first_imgKolkata: With introduction of Integrated Finance Management System (IFMS) and bringing several other reforms, the average time taken by treasuries in making payments to beneficiaries has reduced to 1.37 days at the beginning of 2018-19 fiscal.The matter was discussed in details in the recently held second quarterly review meeting with the Pay and Accounts Officers and Treasury Officers of Bengal.Amit Mitra, the state Finance minister, H K Dwivedi, additional chief secretary of the Finance department and Parwez Siddiqui, director of treasuries and accounts, were present in the meeting. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAround 300 officers, including Pay and Accounts Officers, Treasury Officers and officials of the Finance department also attended the meeting.The average time taken by treasuries to process and make payment to benefits was 3.36 days in 2016-17. It used to be much higher earlier. In 2016-17, it came down to 3.36 days after the Mamata Banerjee government brought in reforms in the system of making payments. With fine tuning and better utilisation of the system, it had further dropped to 2.28 days in 2017-18. So far in 2018-19, the average time taken has been reduced to 1.37 days. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPIt may be mentioned that besides introducing IFMS, the state Finance department has also brought in Human Resource Management System (HRMS), Government Receipt Portal System (GRIPS), e-Pension, Inter-Treasury transfer of fund facility and Online GPF management of Group D employees.The set of mechanisms has helped Pay and Accounts and Treasury officers to reduce the time needed to process bills. The processing of bills in treasuries is needed to ensure that benefits reach the beneficiaries in the grassroot level, as fast as possible. The fast clearance of bills and finally the payment from treasury has ensured timely completion of development projects taken up by the Mamata Banerjee government, to bring around an overall development of the state. At the same time, social welfare schemes are also implemented in a timely manner. Moreover, the average time taken to pay the gratuity from the date of first appearance of the pensioners in the treasury was 6 days and it was 23 days in case of pension in 2017. In 2018, it has reduced to only four days for payment of both gratuity and pension.In the meeting, treasury officers were urged to inform operators of deposit accounts if the balance is not verified with the treasury records for three consecutive months. The operators will not be allowed to draw money from the deposit account until it is verified.last_img read more

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Srinagar receives seasons first major snowfall

first_imgSrinagar city on Monday witnessed the season’s first major snowfall along with the rest of Kashmir, bringing respite from the prevailing chill as the mercury settled above the freezing point in most places of the valley for the first time in the last fortnight.The plains of the valley also received light snowfall accompanied by rains with Srinagar experiencing the first major snowfall of the season, according to a MeT Department official. The snowfall in the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir began in the morning and it received 2.8 mm of rainfall during the night, the official said, adding the minimum temperature here went up by nearly five degrees to settle above the freezing point at 2.2 degrees Celsius.Most of the higher reaches of the valley, including the twin resorts of Gulmarg and Pahalgam, received moderate snowfall during the night, while the plains have experienced snow since the morning, the official said.While Gulmarg- the famous ski-resort in north Kashmir, received over seven inches of fresh snowfall till 8:30 AM this morning, more than one inch of snow was recorded in the tourist resort of Pahalgam in south, he added.However, the twin resorts were the only places in the valley where the mercury stayed below the freezing point, he said. The mercury in Pahalgam went up by six notches to settle at minus 0.4 degree Celsius, and Gulmarg registered a low of minus 5.6 degrees Celsius, he added.Reports of moderate snowfall were also received from higher reaches of Shopian, including Mughal Road, Sonamarg, Yousmarg, Amarnath Cave, Sadhna Pass, Gurez and Razdan top.Keeping with the trend, mercury increased in other places in the valley as well with Qazigund, Kupwara and Kokernag registering the temperatures of 2.4 degree Celsius, 1.4 degrees Celsius and 1.6 degrees Celsius, respectively.Leh, in the frontier region of Ladakh, recorded a low of minus 7.8 degrees Celsius- an increase of nearly five degrees from the previous night’s minus 12.6 degrees Celsius.Nearby Kargil town was recorded as the coldest place in the state with a low of minus 9 degrees Celsius.The town had registered a low of minus 15 degrees Celsius the previous night.last_img read more

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Celebrating literature through writing

first_imgIn an attempt to encourage youngsters to indulge in writing and enhance their writing skills, Sahitya Akademi has organised its annual Festival of Letters in the national Capital. The third day of the festival comprised of a programme titled Yuva Sahiti, which is devoted to young writing across India. The festival, which began on Tuesday, saw Dr K. Sreenivasarao, Secretary, Sahitya Akademi, welcoming the dignitaries and young writers from all over the country along with other participants. He talked about the importance of the role that the youth plays in all civilisations and observed that it is young people who are the drivers of change. Along with this, he also highlighted several programmes, schemes and projects that the Akademi has in place exclusively for the young writers/poets/translators across the country in addition to the Yuva Puraskar. Professor Sukrita Paul Kumar, eminent Indian English poet and critic, delivered the inaugural speech and elaborated the process of creative writing for the benefit of young writers. Dr Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari, President, Sahitya Akademi, talked about the value of young writing and urged the youth of the country to take up writing seriously. Noted young poets and writers from all over the country participated in the programme. The day also witnessed the meeting of Award winners – Writers’ Meet. All the Award winners shared their experiences, the process of creative writing, approaches to life in general, the place of writing in the society and future of literature etc. Samvatsar lecture by Dr Chandrashekhar Dharmadhikari, distinguished jurist and eminent Gandhi scholar, was the concluding event of the day. Dr Dharmadhikari talked at length about the fast vanishing value systems in our societies, the troubled lives of modern, industrialised world and core values of the individuals. Dr Dharmadhikari also pointed out that instead of us using technology, it is technology that is driving us and bringing home many a new illness.last_img read more

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Meeting to assist farmers deal with rain deficiency

first_imgKolkata: A high-level meeting may be conducted at Nabanna on Tuesday to assess the condition of farmers in the districts and to roll-out an alternative policy if the deficiency in rainfall continues to prevail in South Bengal for the next couple of days.It was learnt that the state government may adopt an alternative agricultural method for the farmers if the situation continues. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had already expressed her concern about it. The state Secretariat has sought report from the Agriculture department officials of every district to take a stock of the situation at the ground level. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataSenior officials of the state Agriculture department are expected to take part in Tuesday’s meeting where the final decision may be taken over alternative methods to support the farmers. Pradip Majumdar, advisor to Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on agriculture and allied sector, however, assured that there is nothing to panic yet. Banerjee had issued necessary instructions to the Agriculture department to ensure that the farmers are not inconvenienced. She had directed the department to adopt alternative agriculture methods so that crops can be sown even if there is scanty rainfall. Farmers in various districts are staring at a loss due to the damage caused by high humidity level and scanty rainfall. The average deficiency of rainfall in North Bengal is nearly 30 percent while in South Bengal the percentage is as high as 60. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateAccording to the Agriculture department, the deficiency in rainfall is 62 percent in East and West Burdwan, 58 percent in North 24-Parganas, 55 percent in Nadia, 50 percent in East Midnapore. In districts like Birbhum, Bankura, Murshidabad, Purulia, South 24-Parganas and Howrah too the scarcity of rainfall is over 40 percent. The less amount of rainfall has led to minimum storage of water in the dams which is also an area of concern for the state government.last_img read more

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Sagarika Karan excited for BOSS

first_imgAfter earning name in the entertainment industry, both Sagarika Ghatge and Karan Singh Grover have finally made their digital debut with ALTBalaji’s web series ‘BOSS – Baap of Special Services’.In an exclusive conversation with Millennium Post, the actors talks about the experience of shooting for this show, challenges they faced, expectations they had, and a lot more. What is this show about? Why did you sign it? KARAN: ‘BOSS’ is an abbreviation for Baap of Special Services. The show, which is aired on ALTBalaji, is written by Ghalib Bhai – who I believe has weaved the story really well and done justice to the show. Ankush Bhatt, the producer/director and one and only Ekta Kapoor have done a great job as makers. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfI signed the role for my character – a person who is pretending to be someone else, and why he is doing that, is the theme around which the show revolves. SAGARIKA: Ankush Bhatt came to me and told me about the show, and trust me all it took was a simple one-liner brief about the series to get me excited about the show.Tell us something about your characters and experience of working on this show?SAGARIKA: I am playing the role of Sakshi Ranjan, an ACP, who heads the special task force in Shimla. She is a righteous and strong woman, who abides by the rules. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIt was absolutely awesome experience to cherish throughout my life. I can say it was a role that I really wanted to play (because it was a cop), and I’m glad that I got the chance to live this character and perform to the best of my abilities. KARAN: I had a great time working with these amazing people. The character which I am playing has so many shades in it and apart from that, the show has everything that we expect – thrill, action, comedy, and romance. All this is what the series is about. What were the major challenges you faced while shooting for the show? SAGARIKA: The major challenge was the tight schedule as we were shooting non-stop for days. Apart from that, being a cop, my character demanded me to ride the bike. And being my first experience on bike, I fell down from the bike on the very first day of the shoot. So, that part was a bit challenging for me. KARAN: As an artist, I believe challenges are what makes all of us grow as a human being. It’s an important part of our life, as I think whenever we reach a level of comfort, we tend to be static. Having said that, as an artist, more the roles you take up, different characters you will get to play, which will actually help you grow. What were your initial expectations with this show? SAGARIKA: Being humans, I think for us expectations are always there with everything. Even in this show, we gave our 100%, and had so much fun shooting. Having put in so much effort and dedication into our characters, we hoped that audience enjoys the show. KARAN: Obviously when you put in so much efforts, you expect and hope it to do well, and that is all we ever wished for. Who would have played your character in BOSS better than you? SAGARIKA: To be honest, I myself never imagined playing this character. But I am sure anyone could have played the role. It’s a strong character and a lot of people would have loved to play this role.last_img read more

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The Man who Planted an Entire Forest by Himself

first_imgThese days the news is full of stories about environmental degradation. However, the story of Jadav “Molai” Payeng stands as an example of the exact opposite. Payeng, from the district of Jorhat in India’s northeast state of Assam, is of the Mishing tribe.His remarkable fathering-a-forest story began when he was 16-years-old, in 1979, following the annual monsoon floods.Jadav Payeng. Photo by Bijit Dutta CC BY-SA 3.0The floods washed away topsoil and devastated local wildlife areas. In the aftermath on that particular year, Payeng observed that a large number of snakes had washed up on a sandbar of the nearby Brahmaputra river — and he watched and wept as, with no shade to be found, they slowly died in the heat of the sun.He was quick to figure that what the snakes needed was trees. Years of deforestation in the region had left large tracts of land barren and vulnerable to erosion. Seeking help from the forestry department was fruitless. The teenager was told that no trees would grow there, and it was suggested Payeng could try to grow bamboo on the sandbar if he wanted.And that is how began.An illustration of Jadav Payeng, from the biographical children’s book Jadav and the Tree-Place by Vinayak Varma CC BY 4.0Payeng soon planted his very first bamboo saplings. Just one young man working alone, slowly, day by day and year by year, transformed the dead landscape into a thriving, complex jungle ecosystem that now covers around 1,360 acres.In the beginning, to help his new plants develop and in spite of their painful bites, Payeng collected red ants which he knew would improve the soil. The shade of the bamboo thicket began attracting more insects, and as it grew, small animals too. Planting a new tree every single day quickly turned into a daily routine for Payeng. He would go on doing this for the next three decades and counting.Jadav Payeng. Photo by Itshuman CC BY-SA 4.0“The island was close to my home and I began by planting bamboo and indigenous or non-valuable plants. It’s only since the past 15 years that I have begun to plant high-value trees like teak,” Payeng told Al Jazeera.The presence of maturing trees in the area has attracted more wildlife including migratory birds, elephants, tigers and other animals indigenous to this part of India.When Payeng began his undertaking, most people were quick to dismiss him as being ridiculous. He was however supported by the elders in his community who recognized the threats that came with forest decline. The elders supplied Payeng with some of the first bamboo saplings.Another issue at the beginning was to water the newly-planted trees. As his project grew to cover a larger and larger area, Payeng had to devise a unique irrigation system. He used earthen pots with tiny holes in that he positioned above each sapling on specially constructed a bamboo platforms. These would slowly drip water over several days, allowing Payeng to manage his flourishing forest.Jadav Payeng receiving the Padma Shri award from president Pranab Mukherjee“The education system should be like this, every kid should be asked to plant two trees,” Payeng declares.While Payeng’s story sounds utopian, not everything always runs smoothly. The remarkable conservation efforts of the Indian man have passed unnoticed by authorities but for an incident in 2008 involving a herd of elephants and some angry villagers.The elephants had caused damage as they passed through several nearby settlements in search of food. After they took refuge in Payeng’s forest, many locals wanted cut it down so the beasts might move on elsewhere. Payeng stood firm as steward of his forest and the animals it attracts, and local government officials were called on to intervene.Payeng has since been collaborating with the Assam state forest department.Some of the villagers are still unhappy. Deer and cattle that come to graze on the lush vegetation have attracted large predators such as tigers to the forest. But Payeng takes a more holistic view of the world. “Nature has made a food chain; why can’t we stick to it? Who would protect these animals if we, as superior beings, start hunting them?” he said, according to the Times of India.Payeng India’s Jawaharlal Nehru University distinguished him as the “Forest Man of India” and the local government of Assam have named the forest Payeng grew in his honor — the Forest of Molai.Read another story from us: Kingdom of Women – The Matriarchal Society Struggling to Keep Traditions Alive“No one sees God,” answered Payeng when asked how he kept up with the project that basically changed his life. “I see God in nature. Nature is God. It gives me inspiration. It gives me power… As long as it survives, I survive,” he said, as reported by National Public Radio.last_img read more

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