DHS-CDC deal to share travelers’ data draws fire

first_imgApr 27, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – An agreement between US security and health agencies to share more data about travelers in order to keep infectious diseases out of the country has drawn criticism.The memorandum of understanding, signed in October 2005, provides for increased cooperation between the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The document was posted Apr 25 on the Web site of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which has spoken out against the agreement, as has at least one noted infectious disease expert.Under the agreement, more DHS data would be shared with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an HHS agency.The CDC already had access to paper customs declarations forms, said Ram Koppaka, MD, PhD, chief of the Quarantine and Border Health Services branch in the CDC Division of Global Migration and Quarantine. The agreement formalizes an existing practice of sharing DHS’ customs declarations, and it expands the information sharing to include two other kinds of information: Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) data and Passenger Name Record (PNR) data. DHS would provide the data to CDC only in response to a request and in compliance with existing agreements with other entities, such as the European Union, the agreement states.The DHS agencies involved in the information-sharing agreement are Customs and Border Patrol (CBP), the Coast Guard, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), according to the memorandum. Diseases currently classified as “quarantinable” are cholera, diphtheria, infectious tuberculosis, plague, smallpox, yellow fever, viral hemorrhagic fevers, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and novel or re-emerging influenza strains with pandemic potential.The CDC may in turn disclose necessary information to state and local health departments, the agreement says. The memorandum also calls for DHS to assist with passive and active surveillance of travelers if there are outbreaks of quarantinable diseases or other serious communicable diseases. In particular, the document says the CDC will give DHS a list of signs of H5N1 avian influenza so personnel can watch for them in passengers.The pact also calls for CBP and other DHS agencies to detain travelers at the behest of the CDC because of possible infection with a quarantinable disease. The pact notes that the CDC has legal authority to detain, isolate, or quarantine travelers in such situations, and that CBP, ICE, and the Coast Guard have legal authority to assist such steps.The agreement allows the CDC to carry out what Koppaka called “very fundamental public health activities” of contact investigation, quarantine, and isolation. Contact investigation is used more frequently, although quarantine and isolation issues have generated media attention.”The current mumps outbreak is a great illustration of how inability to efficiently identify and notify those who have been exposed is hampering our ability to mount an effective response,” Koppaka told CIDRAP News. He was referring to an ongoing outbreak involving more than 1,100 people, most of them in Iowa. Two potentially infectious people traveled on nine different commercial airline flights in the course of the outbreak.Koppaka also said the SARS outbreak of 2003 showed the need for better data on travelers. In regard to tracking down potentially exposed passengers on multiple planes, he said, “We were not able, not even in a single case, to ensure a person was notified within the 10- to 14-day incubation period for SARS. We feel that is a critical gap in our ability to respond.”The agreement follows a parallel track to another CDC initiative, which would require airlines and ship operators to report passengers who have certain signs of illness and to keep lists of passengers for at least 60 days after arrival. The 3-month comment period on those proposed rules ended Mar 1, and CDC is reviewing comments, Koppaka said.The ACLU has charged that the agreement between DHS and HHS threatens Americans’ privacy rights and violates a US agreement with the European Union.The pact “is continuing evidence that the American government, and especially its security establishment, does not take privacy and data protection seriously,” said Barry Steinhardt, ACLU Technology and Liberty Project director, in an Apr 25 news release.”Steinhardt said the European Union agreed in 2003 to share PNR data with the United States in return for a DHS pledge not to use the data for anything other than to prevent terrorism or other serious crimes. “It is now clear that DHS did not abide by that agreement,” he charged.But Koppaka, referring to the ACLU, said, “I’m not sure they’re aware that DHS closely reviewed this agreement to make sure it complies with their agreement with the EU. HHS’s understanding is that DHS did the analysis and signed off after determining it was compliant.”The ACLU learned of the DHS-HHS agreement in comments by the Air Transport Association on the CDC’s proposed requirement that airlines report sick passengers, according to an Apr 21 ACLU release. On Apr 20 the organization filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request with the federal government for a copy of the agreement and related information, according to the release. By Apr 25 the group had obtained and posted a copy of the agreement on its Web site.The ACLU labeled the pact a “secret agreement” and said it embodies policies that should have been debated in public.But HHS spokeswoman Christina Pearson denied that the agreement was secret, according to an Apr 21 Reuters report. “We have had this agreement in place and it’s to help CDC when there is a report of communicable diseases on an airplane,” she said. The agreement will help the agency locate passengers who may have been exposed and give them information, she added.Another critic of the agreement, according to an Apr 21 Reuters report, was Donald A. Henderson, MD, MPH, an infectious disease physician and distinguished scholar at the Baltimore-based Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.Referring to the provision calling for CBP to detain travelers on behalf of the CDC, Henderson told Reuters, “I was absolutely astonished when I saw that proposed federal regulation. It’s so silly.”Henderson questioned whether there is any evidence that such a system would effectively prevent diseases from spreading, and told Reuters that people can spread influenza and other diseases before they have symptoms.Koppaka emphasized that influenza is not the only disease for which this information sharing might be useful and that the information wouldn’t just be used for quarantine and isolation but also for contact tracing and outbreak investigations.See alsoCopy of the agreement as posted on the ACLU web sitehttp://www.aclu.org/pdfs/privacy/hhs_dhs_mou.pdfApr 25 ACLU news releasehttp://www.aclu.org/privacy/spying/25335prs20060425.htmlApr 21 ACLU news releasehttp://www.aclu.org/privacy/spying/25246prs20060421.htmlNov 22, 2005, CIDRAP News story on CDC updating rules affecting travelershttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/influenza/panflu/news/nov2205travelers.htmlApr 19 CIDRAP News story on mumps outbreakhttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/other/news/april1906mumps.htmllast_img read more

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AstraZeneca puts leading COVID-19 vaccine trial on hold over safety concern

first_imgWhether the illness was directly linked to AstraZeneca’s vaccine remains unclear, the report said. AstraZeneca declined to comment on the report.The suspension of the trial has impacted other AstraZeneca vaccine trials – as well as clinical trials being conducted by other vaccine makers, which are looking for signs of similar reactions, Stat said.The US National Institutes of Health, which is providing funding for AstraZeneca’s trial, declined to comment.AstraZeneca’s statement said that “in large trials, illnesses will happen by chance but must be independently reviewed to check this carefully.”Trials of the vaccine, called AZD1222, are underway at different stages in Britain, the United States, Brazil, South Africa and India. Trials are also planned in Japan and Russia.Shares of AstraZeneca fell more than 8% in after-hours US trading, while shares of rival vaccine developers rose. Moderna Inc was up more than 4% and Pfizer Inc climbed less than 1%.Moderna said in an emailed statement it was “not aware of any impact” to its ongoing COVID-19 vaccine study at this time.Nine leading US and European vaccine developers pledged on Tuesday to uphold scientific safety and efficacy standards for their experimental vaccines despite the urgency to contain the coronavirus pandemic.The companies, including AstraZeneca, Moderna and Pfizer, issued what they called a “historic pledge” after a rise in concern that safety standards might slip in the face of political pressure to rush out a vaccine.The companies said they would “uphold the integrity of the scientific process as they work towards potential global regulatory filings and approvals of the first COVID-19 vaccines.”The other signatories were Johnson & Johnson, Merck & Co, GlaxoSmithKline, Novavax Inc, Sanofi and BioNTech. Topics : AstraZeneca Plc on Tuesday said it has paused global trials, including large late-stage trials, of its experimental coronavirus vaccine because of an unexplained illness in a study participant.The vaccine, developed with the University of Oxford, has been widely seen as one of the leading global candidates against the coronavirus, and the suspension of the trial dims prospects for a potential year-end rollout its lead developer had signaled earlier.AstraZeneca said it voluntarily paused trials to allow review of safety data by an independent committee and was working to expedite the review of the single event to minimize any potential impact on the trial timeline. “This is a routine action which has to happen whenever there is a potentially unexplained illness in one of the trials,” the company said in an emailed statement.The nature of the illness and when it happened were not detailed, although the participant is expected to recover, according to Stat News, which first reported the suspension due to a “suspected serious adverse reaction”.The US Food and Drug Administration defines an adverse event as one in which evidence suggests a possible relationship to the drug being tested.According to a New York Times report which cited a person familiar with the situation, a participant based in the United Kingdom was found to have transverse myelitis, an inflammatory syndrome that affects the spinal cord and is often sparked by viral infections.last_img read more

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PREMIUMLack of awareness, infrastructure limit business digitalization in rural areas

first_imgGoogle Linkedin Forgot Password ? COVID-19 digitalization SMEs infrastructure awareness internet-penetration A lack of awareness and limited telecommunications infrastructure in rural areas have prevented many of the country’s small businesses from taking advantage of online platforms to boost their sales amid the COVID-19 outbreak.A recent Statistics Indonesia (BPS) survey of around 34,500 businesses nationwide on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic found that only 43.73 percent of businesses in regencies marketed their products online, compared to 57.46 percent in cities. This is despite the fact the survey found that 80 percent of businesses that utilized online platforms for marketing saw an improvement in sales.Fhabbyan Rizza, a 25-year-old entrepreneur, told the The Jakarta Post that he felt frustrated with the bad internet connection in Tuban, East Java, when he first took his frozen meat business online. Tuban is located around two hours from the East Java capit… LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Facebook Log in with your social account Topics :last_img read more

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Arsenal targets Brendan Rodgers and Nuno Espirito Santo urged to snub chance to replace Unai Emery

first_img Metro Sport ReporterWednesday 4 Dec 2019 11:54 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link1.3kShares Comment Advertisement Arsenal targets Brendan Rodgers and Nuno Espirito Santo urged to snub chance to replace Unai Emery Leicester City boss Brendan Rodgers has been linked with a move to north London (Picture: Getty)Ex-Liverpool and Celtic manager Rodgers has impressed at Leicester City, with the Foxes currently second in the Premier League, while Nuno has been hailed for his work at Wolves.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTWolves face West Ham this evening and Hammers boss Pellegrini said: ‘I don’t think a serious manager can leave a club for another during the season.‘That’s what I think. So, for me, I think it would be strange. Maybe it’s honour, responsibility.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘Maybe it is easier for you to be sacked. But for me I will never leave a club because I have a better option in a good moment.‘It’s exactly the same as Brendan Rodgers. Both managers are in a good moment and I don’t think they would throw it all out for another option.‘In my way of thinking, I think it’s impossible for me to do it. So I don’t think that they will do it.’center_img West Ham manager Manuel Pellegrini (Picture: Getty)In the first match of the post-Emery era, Arsenal drew 2-2 with Premier League relegation-battlers Norwich City on Sunday.The Gunners return to action on Thursday evening with a home match against Brighton.Ahead of the clash, interim boss Ljungberg said: ‘Brighton look good, they change formations a lot, so we will see what they come with.More: FootballBruno Fernandes responds to Man Utd bust-up rumours with Ole Gunnar SolskjaerNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira moves‘They try to play out,  defend well, they look very organised but for me we need to concentrate on our own game.‘We play at home so I take into account how I think they will play but I have to develop the gameplan how we want to play football and that’s what I try to concentrate on.’Asked whether he will make changes for the visit of Brighton, Ljungberg added: ‘We’ll need to look at the fitness levels of the players and who’s fit, who isn’t. We have some players who were still injured before. We’ll see.’MORE: Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang responds to angry Arsenal fans over mascot snubMORE: Arsene Wenger sends message to Freddie Ljungberg after Emery’s sacking at Arsenal Arsenal are looking for a replacement for sacked manager Unai Emery (Picture: Getty)Arsenal targets Brendan Rodgers and Nuno Espirito Santo have been urged to snub the chance to replace Unai Emery at the Emirates by West Ham boss Manuel Pellegrini.The Gunners, currently eighth in the Premier League, are looking for a replacement for Emery after sacking the Spaniard last week.Former Arsenal midfielder Freddie Ljungberg has been placed in charge of the club on a temporary basis but Rodgers and Nuno have emerged as candidates to take over from Emery on a full-time basis. Advertisementlast_img read more

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OECD: Funded and private pension assets hit record high of $38trn

first_imgSource: OECD Global Pension Statistics. Methodological notes at the end of the report, which can be found here. Pension funds and other private pension plans in OECD countries held $38trn (€32trn) of assets at the end of 2016, the highest level ever, according to the think tank for the world’s developed economies.Around two-thirds of these assets were in the US, although funded and private pension arrangements continued to expand in countries such as Australia, Canada, Denmark and the Netherlands, the OECD said in a report.In the latter four countries pension assets exceeded the size of the domestic economy, reflecting a trend over the last decade of pension asset growth outpacing that of GDP in most countries.Pension assets also exceeded total GDP in Iceland, South Africa and Switzerland. Private pensions have expanded the fastest in Denmark and Netherlands over the past decade, according to the OECD, with increases of 73 and 64 percentage points of GDP, respectively, between 2006 and 2016.The OECD also said pension providers achieved positive real investment rates of return, net of investment expenses, in 2016 in most OECD and non-OECD countries.  Net real return was more than 2% on average.Annual returns were also positive over the past decade in most countries, according to the report. The highest average annual real investment rates of return (net of investment expenses) were observed in the Dominican Republic (6.3%), Colombia (5.8%) and Slovenia (5.2%).The 2017 version of the OECD’s annual report on pension markets covered 85 countries.For the first time it covered insurance companies and other pension providers in addition to pension funds. Previous editions had only focused on pension funds “for reasons of data availability”, according to the OECD.Assets in funded and private pension arrangements in 2016#*#*Show Fullscreen*#*#center_img #*#*Show Fullscreen*#*#last_img read more

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‘Bacolod transport strike fizzles’

first_img“The transport protest failed toparalyze all the transportation in the city as taxis, tricycles and e-trikewere still plying in the city streets,” he added. Vice mayor El Cid Familiaran said thestrike did not have any affect at all. According to Familiaran, city hallemployees were able to report to their respective offices because there weretwo city buses and four IPM dump trucks deployed in various parts of the metroto pick up and bring commuters to their destinations. Two major transport groups in BacolodCity and Negros Occidental – Sentrong Samahan ng Tsuper at Operators NegrosInc. (SSTONE) and Federation of Bacolod City Drivers Associations Inc. – havejoined today’s nation-wide strike. BACOLOD City – Yesterday’s transportstrike did not have any adverse effect on the movement of public utilityvehicles and conveyance of commuters in this city. Meanwhile, Executive Assistant JomarieVargas, cluster head of City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office,also released his own assessments as regards the transport strike organized bythe Transport group Pinagkaisang Samahan ng mga Tsuper at OperatorNationwide. City police director Colonel HenryBiñas, on the other hand, said that the conduct of strike was generally peaceful. SSTONE claimed that jeepney routes inthis city were affected by the strike, adding that 100 percent of the membersunder their group have joined to protest the “anti-poor” modernization programof the government. Biñas said that policemen weredeployed in the rally centers enforcing heighten security measures./PN “Despite the transport strike, peoplestill flocked the government center to catch up for the last day of voterregistration,” he said. Vargas said that only 80 percent ofthe public transportation in this city was paralyzed.last_img read more

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Memorial Day

first_imgToday is the unofficial beginning of summer.  I hope whatever you have planned for today will be fun and fulfilling.  The sun will be very hot if that is what you want when the swimming pools open for the first time this year.Many of you will probably play some type of sport today.  Be smart and stay hydrated.Don’t forget what the day is all about.  Salute a veteran!last_img

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Mattie Ott – Greensburg

first_imgMattie Ann Ott, of Greensburg, was born on April 27, 1943 in Perry County, Kentucky, a daughter to Earl Bowles. She was raised in part by her grand-parents Viola and Frank Bowles.  She married Arnold Ott on December 16, 1961 and he preceded her in death on March 18, 2016.  She was a homemaker but more than that she was a loving mother and wife.  Her life was spent taking care of and being with her family. She did work as a seamstress for many years but making clothes for her children and quilting was one of her passions. She also enjoyed reading, gardening and being active in her church.  Mattie was a member and one time pianist of Cornerstone Baptist Church in Greensburg.  On Wednesday, May 13, 2020 at the age of 77, God’s servant, Mattie was called home.Those surviving who will cherish Mattie’s memory include her children, Sally Ott of Greensburg, Steven (Carolyn) Ott of Knightstown, Brad (Diane) Ott of Greensburg, and Jennifer (Steven) Stirn of Greenfield; eight grandchildren, Olivia Stirn-Kelly and Justin Stirn, Haylee, Mason and Brooklyn Ott and Adam, Nathan and Mike Ott; one great-grandchild, Spencer Kelly; a beloved Aunt, Jean Blakely of Connersville; a sister, Lita (Gary) Caldwell of Plainfield, and a brother, David (Beth) Bowles of Springfield Missouri. She also had many cousins that she loved like siblings.  She was preceded in death by her grand-parents, father, and husband.Due to COVID-19 limitations, no more than 25 people at a time can visit with the family but may do so from 11a.m. until 1p.m. on Wednesday, May 20, 2020 at Cook Rosenberger Funeral Home, 929 Main Street, Brookville, Indiana.  Services will be for immediate family and burial will follow in Metamora Cemetery.Please support the family by signing the online guestbook or leaving personal memories at www.cookrosenberger.com.  The staff of Cook Rosenberger Funeral Home is honored to care for the family of Mattie Ott.last_img read more

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Debuchy joins Gunners

first_img The 28-year-old, who was part of the French World Cup squad which reached the World Cup quarter-finals, will present a ready-made Barclays Premier League replacement for Bacary Sagna, who left Arsenal earlier this summer to join Manchester City on a free transfer. A post on Arsenal’s official Twitter feed read: “It’s official – Mathieu Debuchy has signed for @Arsenal!” Press Association Arsenal have signed full-back Mathieu Debuchy from Newcastle. Debuchy, who Press Association Sport understands has cost the Gunners around £12million, becomes Arsenal’s second signing of the summer, following the arrival of Alexis Sanchez from Barcelona. Debuchy told arsenal.com: “I’m very proud to be joining a great club like Arsenal and to wear its colours, it’s one of the biggest clubs in the whole world. “I’m looking forward to working with Arsene Wenger and to helping the team build on last season’s FA Cup success. Playing again in the Champions League is a big excitement for me and I will do my best to help Arsenal compete for trophies.” Manager Arsene Wenger added: “We are delighted to welcome Mathieu Debuchy to Arsenal Football Club. “He has shown he can perform at the highest level with his club sides and also for France. He is a quality defender who has good Premier League experience and I’m confident he will fit in very well with us.” Debuchy made 46 appearances in his 18 months on Tyneside after signing from Lille, where he won the Ligue 1 and Coupe de France double in 2010-11. He was named in the Ligue 1 team of the season the following year, having also won the first of his 25 France caps in October 2011 against Albania. More signings look sure to follow, although German World Cup winner Sami Khedira’s personal terms could prove a sticking point on a rumoured £25million move from Real Madrid. Borussia Dortmund’s Lars Bender, who missed the World Cup through injury, is another player Wenger has long admired. Arsenal also need a goalkeeper, with Colombia goalkeeper David Ospina, of Nice, said to be on the club’s radar. Egypt international defender Ahmed Fathi is having a trial at Arsenal this week, while Atletico Madrid’s 19-year-old right-back Javi Manquillo is another a potential new recruit. Following their trip to the United States, Arsenal host the Emirates Cup on August 2/3 which is likely to present debuts for Sanchez and Debuchy. Arsenal play Premier League champions Manchester City on August 9 in the Community Shield before starting the new league campaign at home to Crystal Palace. last_img read more

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Flight attendant dies after contracting measles from sick person on plane

first_imgIsrael’s Ministry of Health is confirming that a flight attendant has died after she contracted the measles from an infected passenger who boarded a plane that she was working on in New York.The 46-year-old woman became sick on March 26th during her shift on El Al Airlines flight 002 from the John F. Kennedy Airport to an airport in Tel Aviv.The woman was then hospitalized in Israel and fell into a coma sometime in April. The woman was then transferred to a quarantined area of the hospital before she was pronounced dead on Tuesday.All passengers who boarded the flight have been informed of their exposure to the airborne virus and have been urged to contact their primary care physician especially if they begin to experience cold-like symptoms or a fever.According to the CDC, the measles are an extremely contagious virus that spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.The report also says that the virus is so potent that 90% of people who have not been vaccinated against the measles will contract it if exposed.Both the US and Israel are currently experiencing a measles outbreak.last_img read more

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